Family-Run Universities in Japan

Family-Run Universities in Japan: Sources of Inbuilt Resilience in the Face of Demographic Pressure, 1992-2030 By Jeremy Breaden and Roger Goodman   Book Description Globally, private universities enrol one in three of all higher education students. In Japan, which has the second largest higher education system in the world in terms of overall expenditure, almost … Read more

Masculinity and Body Weight in Japan: Grappling with Metabolic Syndrome

By Genaro Castro-Vázquez Book Description Drawing on the concept of the somatic self, Castro-Vázquez explores how Japanese men think about, express and interpret their experiences concerning body weight control. Based on an extensive ethnographic investigation, this book offers a compelling analysis of male obesity and overweight in Japan from a symbolic interactionism perspective to delve … Read more

Yoshida Teigo (1923-2018) Obituary

Professor Yoshida was a visiting scholar at Oxford University when we held the founding meeting of the Japan Anthropology Workshop in 1984, and he agreed to become our honorary Japanese representative. This was a position he held for many years, attending our conferences in exciting locations, and contributing to deliberations on a huge variety of … Read more

Conference Report – JAWS 2019 at Aarhus University

Report Authors: Alastair LOMAS, University of Manchester, alastair.lomas[@]postgrad.manchester.ac.uk Antonia MISERKA, University of Vienna, antonia.miserka[@]univie.ac.at Sebastian POLAK-ROTTMANN, University of Vienna,  sebastian.polak-rottmann[@]univie.ac.at Pilvi POSIO, University of Turku, pilvi.posio[@]utu.fi     The JAWS conference 2019 took place at Aarhus University in Denmark from 15-17 April 2019. The conference gathered together anthropologists to sunny spring Aarhus to explore the … Read more

Rethinking Community?: Alternative Housing as a Response to Alienation in Contemporary Japan

  Caitlin MEAGHER Wentworth Institute of Technology, Boston meagherc[@]wit.edu   At this year’s annual meeting, I presented a paper entitled ‘Rethinking community?: alternative housing as a response to alienation in contemporary Japan’ adapted from the final chapter of my doctoral thesis. The paper emerged out of the apparent gap between the rhetorical uses of ‘community’ … Read more

The Japanese Art of Listening: An Ethnographic Investigation into the Role of the Listener

  Nanase SHIROTA ns637[@]cam.ac.uk University of Cambridge   What makes a good listener? What does it mean to be a good listener in contemporary Japanese society? My current ethnographic project investigates the art of listening in hostesses (escorts or contemporary geisha) and listening volunteers in Japan, in addition to analysing self-help literature on listening. In … Read more

An Anthropological Study of Revitalization-Oriented Art Festivals in Rural Japan

 

Shiu Hong Simon TU
lifesimon[@]yahoo.com
The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Locals and volunteers harvesting bamboo poles in preparation for Wang’s new artwork in 2019

Since the 2000s, the problem of aging and depopulation in rural Japan has been met with a new measure: contemporary art festivals (geijyutusai). While the notion of contemporary art (gendai āto) and geijyutusai had taken root in urban Japan in much earlier times, the emergence of large-scale art festivals for regional revitalization in rural Japan, pioneered by Echigo-Tsumari Art Triennale in 2000, could arguably be seen as an innovative breakthrough from both the perspective of Japanese art history and social policies. Although there is no official figure available on how many of these art festivals exist in Japan nowadays, it is commonly estimated that there are approximately one hundred to three hundred cases across the country, many of them funded by prefectural and/or municipal governments – very often making them some of the most visible revitalization projects on the local level.

Light of Shodoshima (2016) on Shodoshima
Artist: Wen-chih Wang

Amidst the current discussions among art historians and cultural policy scholars on the context and effects of art festivals in Japan, this anthropological research aims to provide a comprehensive ethnographic account on the social and artistic processes behind, as well as the meanings to and agency of, individuals. For this research project, the geographical area hosting the Setouchi Triennale – twelve islands and two port cities in Kagawa and Okayama prefecture – was my primary field site, while the vast region intervened by Echigo-Tsumari Art Triennale in Niigata Prefecture was my secondary field site for supplementary data. I conducted preliminary fieldwork over the summers of 2017 and 2018; the formal fieldwork year began in September 2018 and continued through August 2019, allowing me to follow the preparation and development of the Setouchi Triennale 2019.

Locals and volunteers knitting for Igarashi’s Sora-Ami in 2019

Does revitalization take place because of art festivals? If so, how does it relate to art? The research was first conceptualized by asking two sets of questions. To investigate the social process, I ask: How do different parties, including the bureaucrats of different levels, private sectors, universities, non-governmental organizations, and local inhabitants come into play behind of the making of Japanese art festivals? How do art festivals as socioeconomic policies influence the everyday lives of local inhabitants on the one hand, and correspond to new trends of domestic and international tourism on the other? Meanwhile, to scrutinize the particular role of art in relation to the larger social sphere, I also ask: How does the agency of local residents, artists, physical objects, and environmental factors interact, resulting in particular artistic manifestations? How does the agency of artworks affect local residents and communities?

Sora-Ami: Knitting the Sky (2016) on Shamijima
Artist: Yasuaki Igarashi

At this point, whereas my fieldwork has concluded, my on-going analysis suggests that the effects of large-scale art festivals in rural Japan are not even. The official narratives of success, usually based on the stories of incoming migrants prompted by the art festivals in several highlighted locales, very often overshadow the actual reality of other locales where neither significant economic gains nor demographic gains have been observed. Similarly, the claim of artworks being able to regenerate social relations often overlooks the exploitative nature of, if any, such relations. However, echoing many of my key informants on the local level, I would point out that the potentials and affective nature of art, which can hardly be calculated quantitatively, do arguably shed a positive light on what art festivals mean to individual participants, and to revitalization in intangible and contentious ways.

I would appreciate any comments or suggestions via email. Thank you.